So-Yeon Park, Seonggee Kang, Jong Min Park, Hyun Joon An, Do Hoon Oh, Jung-in Kim
The purpose of this study was to develop a patient-specific elastic skin applicator and to evaluate its dosimetric characteristics for high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy.
We simulated the treatment of a nonmelanoma skin cancer on the nose. An elastic skin applicator was manufactured by pouring the Dragon Skin (Smooth-On Inc., Easton, PA) with a shore hardness of 10A into an applicator mold. The rigid skin applicator was printed using high-impact polystyrene with a shore hardness of 73D. HDR plans were generated using a Freiburg Flap (FF) applicator and patient-specific rigid and elastic applicators. For dosimetric assessment, dose-volumetric parameters for target volume and normal organs were evaluated. Global gamma evaluations were performed, comparing film measurements and treatment planning system calculations with various gamma criteria. The 10% low-dose threshold was applied.
The V120% values of the target volume were 56.9%, 70.3%, and 70.2% for HDR plans using FF, rigid, and elastic applicators, respectively. The maximum doses of the right eyeball were 21.7 Gy, 20.5 Gy, and 20.5 Gy for the HDR plans using FF, rigid, and elastic applicators, respectively. The average gamma passing rates were 82.5%±1.5%, 91.6%±0.8%, and 94.8%±0.2% for FF, rigid, and elastic applicators, respectively, with 3%/3 mm criterion.
Patient-specific elastic skin applicator showed better adhesion to irregular or curved body surfaces, resulting in better agreement between planned and delivered dose distributions. The applicator suggested in this study can be effectively implemented clinically. 2018 American Brachytherapy Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.